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Home >> From 1600 to 1867 >> Globalization >> Articles/Diaries/Ephemera/Journals

Global factors influenced the fur trade in Canada.

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Author: H.S. Patterson
Title: '54°40' or Fight'
Publisher: The Beaver / Canada's National History Society
Year Published: 1936
Location: The Beaver Index - June 1936, p.38-44
Copyright Holder: The Beaver / Canada's National History Society
  (B..) 54°40' or Fight

If you find that this print version is too difficult to read, even after zooming in on the page, visit the The Beaver Index - enter 'Patterson' in the Contributor field. Click on the results and download the Adobe Acrobat version of this article.

In 1845 President Polk attempted to garner votes by claiming the land west of the Rockies belonged to the United States. Considering HBC employees had settled there first, Britain had the better claim to the land and they did not want to be prevented from having free access to the Pacific Ocean.

With the possibility of war hanging over the dominion, two British military operatives were sent on a secret mission. They travelled across Canada to see how easy it would be to deploy military troops to the west coast if they had to fight against the Americans.

Sir George Simpson, of the Hudson's Bay Company, acted as their guide and offered various assurances of HBC's loyalty and support should a war erupt.